|Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born in Salonica (now in Greece) in 1881. He is renown as the founder of the Republic of Turkey.
In 1915, he emerged as a military hero at the Dardanelles-Gallipoli and later became the leader of the Turkish national liberation struggle in 1919.
In 1923, as the creator of the new Republic of Turkey, Atatürk established a form of government that reflected the wishes of the people thru the Parliament.
Sweeping cultural and socio-political reforms took place. Between 1926 and 1930, legal changes led the way for Islamic religious laws to be abolished and a secular system emerged.
Atatürk initiated a program for economic development in Turkey, which consisted of agricultural expansion, industrial and technological advances.
Determined not to stop there, Atatürk undertook the greatest challenge of all, a reform of the existing language. In 1928, he decided to abolish the Arabic script and incorporated the Latin alphabet with the Turkish.
With this came the impetus to develop the education of the country's citizens. Primary education was declared compulsory and great prominence was given to the education of women.